This report reviews the current status of second generation biofuels. Second generation biofuels are made from cellulose, which according to our survey of the literature, is in more abundant supply than the first generation biofuels feedstocks. Furthermore, it seems to have the potential to reduce GHG emissions from the transport sector without leading to devastating land use changes, which recent critique has held against first generation biofuels. Given that governments have decided to support R&D of low emission fuels, we ask the following questions:
- Should second generation biofuels receive R&D support to the same extent as
other low emission fuels like hydrogen?
- How should support schemes for second generation biofuels be designed?