Regolatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, e-waste and Conflict Diamonds


Export restrictions can be problematic if trading partners question either their conformity with international obligations or their possibly unintended negative impacts on others. Regulatory transparency can help. This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds). All three require producing countries to control exports of sensitive commodities, while allowing (Basel) or requiring consuming countries to control imports.

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Wolfe, Robert
All authors:
Robert Wolfe, Shane Baddeley
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OECD Trade Policy Working Paper no. 141
Updated: 2013-03-06